What is coir?
Coir is a sustainable waste product produced from the husk of a coconut shell and is 100% natural. Coir derivatives are used in a variety of products including flooring, doormats and brushes as well as coir rolls.
Coir fibres are found between the hard internal shells and the outer coat of a coconut. The individual fibre cells are narrow and hollow, with thick walls made of cellulose. They are pale when immature, and become hardened and yellowed as a layer of lignin is deposited on their walls. Each cell is about 1mm (0.04 in) long and 10 to 20 um (0.0004 to 0.0008 in) in diameter. Fibres are typically 10 to 30 cm (4 to 12 in) long.
There are two varieties of coir: brown and white.
Brown coir is harvested from fully ripened coconuts. It is thick, strong and has high abrasion resistance. This is typically used in mats, brushes and sacking. Mature brown coir fibres contain more lignin and less cellulose than fibres such as flax and cotton, so they are stronger and rougher but less flexible.
White coir fibres are harvested from coconuts before they are ripe. These fibres are white or light brown in colour and are smoother and finer but also weaker. They are generally spun to make yarn that is used in mats or rope.
The coir fibre is relatively waterproof and is one of the few natural fibres resistant to damage by saltwater. Fresh water is used to process brown coir, while seawater and fresh water are both used in the production of white coir.
Terraqua grow Coir Rolls under natural conditions in our own nurseries and are available unplanted to pre-planted.
Coir Pallets are also avaialble.